CASE REPORT

ANAESTHETIC MANAGEMENT OF EXTRAHEPATIC PORTAL VENOUS OBSTRUCTION

Nishith Govil , Nilesh Chandra, Surjyendu Ghosh, Mridul Dhar, Intezar Ahmed

Nishith Govil
Associate Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, India. Email: nishithgovil@rediffmail.com

Nilesh Chandra
Department of Anaesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, India

Surjyendu Ghosh
Department of Anaesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, India

Mridul Dhar
Department of Anaesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, India

Intezar Ahmed
Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, India
Online First: December 30, 2018 | Cite this Article
Govil, N., Chandra, N., Ghosh, S., Dhar, M., Ahmed, I. 2018. ANAESTHETIC MANAGEMENT OF EXTRAHEPATIC PORTAL VENOUS OBSTRUCTION. Bali Journal of Anesthesiology 2(3): 102-104. DOI:10.15562/bjoa.v2i3.103


Extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO) is the commonest cause of portal hypertension and variceal bleeding in children. Major concerns are growth retardation, decrease lean body mass and loss of muscle that may lead to postoperative respiratory failure. Upper abdominal surgery with severe pain may compound the problem of pulmonary atelectasis. Poor preoperative nutritional status and anemia may lead to delayed wound healing, delayed ambulation, and respiratory complications. To avoid postoperative respiratory complications and surgical site infection we inserted epidural catheter despite the possibility of intraepidural space bleed due to low platelet counts. The patient had an excellent recovery profile in term of analgesia, decrease postoperative nausea and vomiting due to decrease consumption of opioids, increase sedation-free period, early ambulation and parent’s satisfaction. The intraoperative epidural also provides better abdominal muscle relaxation, wider surgical bloodless field and optimal pressure in anastomosis vessels. Regional techniques are avoided in thrombocytopenia, but risk and benefits must be assessed in each case.

No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 472
PDF Downloads : 338