CASE REPORT

Venous Air Embolism (VAE) during Craniotomy of Supratentorial Meningioma in Supine Position

Ida Bagus Krisna Jaya Sutawan , Tatang Bisri, Sri Rahardjo, Diana Lalenoh

Ida Bagus Krisna Jaya Sutawan
Anesthesiologist, Departement of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical Faculty, Udayana University. Email: krisnasutawan@gmail.com

Tatang Bisri
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Departement Medical Faculty of Padjajaran University Bandung

Sri Rahardjo
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Departement Medical Faculty of Gadjah Mada University

Diana Lalenoh
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Departement Medical Faculty of Sam Ratulangi University Manado
Online First: September 09, 2017 | Cite this Article
Sutawan, I., Bisri, T., Rahardjo, S., Lalenoh, D. 2017. Venous Air Embolism (VAE) during Craniotomy of Supratentorial Meningioma in Supine Position. Bali Journal of Anesthesiology 1(3): 60-63. DOI:10.15562/bjoa.v1i3.26


Abstract

Venous Air Embolism (VAE) is one of the most serious complications in neuroanesthesia case. The highest number of VAE incident is during neurosurgery procedure with sitting position, even tough VAE may occur during craniotomy of supratentorial tumor in the supine position. VAE occurs due to the pressure differential between open vein in the surgical field and right atrium. A 46 years old woman underwent craniotomy for supratentorial meningioma in the supine position. Intraoperative, the patient was experiencing a decrease in end-tidal CO2 pressure about 6 mmHg in 5 minutes. Therefore, management of acute VAE was proceed to the patient, such as informed the surgeon immediately, discontinued N2O and increased flow of O2, modified the anesthesia technique, asked the surgeon to irrigate the surgical field with fluids, gave compression on jugular vein, aspirated the right atrial catheter, prepared drugs to support the hemodynamic, and changed the patient’s position if possible. 

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