ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Co-administration of dexmedetomidine and levobupivacaine results in better onset and duration of epidural anesthesia in lower extremity orthopedic surgery

H. Zulkifli, Ihsan Affandi, Rizal Zainal , Theodorus .

H. Zulkifli
Sriwijaya University, South Sumatera, Indonesia

Ihsan Affandi
Sriwijaya University, South Sumatera, Indonesia

Rizal Zainal
Sriwijaya University, South Sumatera, Indonesia. Email: rizalprabu@gmail.com

Theodorus .
Sriwijaya University, South Sumatera, Indonesia
Online First: April 28, 2019 | Cite this Article
Zulkifli, H., Affandi, I., Zainal, R., ., T. 2019. Co-administration of dexmedetomidine and levobupivacaine results in better onset and duration of epidural anesthesia in lower extremity orthopedic surgery. Bali Journal of Anesthesiology 3(1): 1-4. DOI:10.15562/bjoa.v3i1.61


ABSTRACT

Background: The goal of this study is to know the efficacy of the addition of 0.5 mcg/kg dexmedetomidine to 15 mL isobaric 0.5% levobupivacaine on the onset and duration of sensory and motor blockade of epidural anesthesia in lower extremity orthopedic surgery.

Methods: Randomized clinical double-blind trials were conducted in Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital Palembang. A total of 34 patients underwent lower extremity surgery met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were analyzed by independent t-test and Mann-Whitney test using SPSS 22.0 software.

Result: The onset of sensory block in group D was 5.41±1.84 minutes compared to 17.59± 2.65 in Group C (p <0.001), as seen in Table 2. The sensory block duration was 362.41±25.66 minutes in Group D compared to 215.82±15.69 in Group C (p <0.001). The onset of the motoric block in group D was 16.53±1.81 minutes compared to 26.12±2.78 in Group C (p <0.001), while the motoric block duration was 301.29±20.55 minutes in Group D compared to 167.35±17.24 in Group C (p <0.001).

Conclusion: The addition of 0.5mcg/kg dexmedetomidine to 15 ml isobaric 0.5% levobupivacaine in epidural anesthesia provide faster onset and prolonged duration in both motoric and sensory block in patients undergoing lower extremity surgery

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