Author Guidelines

Bali Journal of Anesthesiology (BJOA) is a publication journal of Department of Anesthesiology at Sanglah General Hospital of Bali, Indonesia. Bali Journal of Anesthesiology welcome contributions which promote the exchange of ideas and information in anesthesiology and its related fields between practicing educators and medical researchers all over the world. The journal highlights in anesthesia and all its related sciences, including but not limited to, medical physiology, anesthesia techniques and managements, coexisting diseases, emergency medicine, intensive care medicine, and pain medicine.

Publication Frequency

BJOA is published three times per year - April, August and December months, 

Double-Blind Peer Review Guidelines

This journal uses double-blind review, which means that both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process.  

To facilitate this, authors need to ensure that their manuscripts are prepared in a way that does not give away their identity.  To help with this preparation please ensure the following when submitting to BJOA: 

  • Submit the Title Page containing the Authors details and Blinded Manuscript with no author details as 2 separate files.

Information to help prepare the Title Page

This should include the title, authors' names and affiliations, and a complete address for the corresponding author including telephone and e-mail address.

Information to help prepare the Blinded Manuscript

Besides the obvious need to remove names and affiliations under the title within the manuscript, there are other steps that need to be taken to ensure the manuscript is correctly prepared for double-blind peer review.  To assist with this process the key items that need to be observed are as follows:

  • Use the third person to refer to work the Authors have previously undertaken, e.g. replace any phrases like “as we have shown before” with “… has been shown before [Anonymous, 2007]” .
  • Make sure figures do not contain any affiliation related identifier
  • Do not eliminate essential self-references or other references but limit self-references only to papers that are relevant for those reviewing the submitted paper.
  • Cite papers published by the Author in the text as follows:  ‘[Anonymous, 2007]’.
  • For blinding in the reference list:  ‘[Anonymous 2007] Details omitted for double-blind reviewing.’
  • Remove references to funding sources
  • Do not include acknowledgments
  • Remove any identifying information, including author names, from file names and ensure document properties are also anonymized.


Authorship should be based on:

  1. Substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data
  2. Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content 
  3. Final approval of the version to be published
  4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship.

When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship defined above, and editors will ask these individuals to complete journal-specific author and conflict-of-interest disclosure forms.

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgments section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chairperson who provided only general support.


The journal currently does not permit the changing/adding/deleting of authors after submission of the paper. Changing the author sequence after the manuscript is submitted also prohibited. So write down the author sequence wisely. Those who made the greatest contribution are generally listed first, and if all co-authors contribute similarly in the manuscript alphabetical order may also be used.


Manuscripts Writing

Articles should be written in clear, concise English following the recommendations for scientific writing found in Scientific Style and Format, the Council of Science Editors (CSE) style manual (7th ed., 2006, Reston, VA, Council of Science Editors). Only material that has not been published previously (either in print or electronically) and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, with the exception of an abstract published in conference proceedings, will be considered for publication.

All submissions to the journal will be scanned for possible duplication or prior publication using the CrossCheck/iThenticate plagiarism detection system. Authors who submit previously published work to the journal will be banned from submitting future manuscripts to the journal, and their funding body and/or institution will be notified.

All articles should be submitted in in Microsoft Word (.doc, .docx) format, with a double spaced 12-pts Times New Roman font. Reference section should be submitted in a single space. All tables and figures should be put in the end of the manuscript.

Title Page

Each manuscript should include a title page, which consists of the following:

  1. Manuscript Title
  2. The first name, middle initial, and last name of each author
  3. The affiliation (in English) of each author during the study being reported
  4. Name, current address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address of the corresponding author
  5. Word count of the manuscript
  6. Number of tables and figures used in the manuscript
  7. The text on the title page should be in double spaced 12 pts Times New Roman font

Original Research Articles

Original articles should be arranged in the following order:

  1. Title page
  2. Abstract
  3. Introduction
  4. Design and Methods
  5. Results
  6. Discussion
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. References
  9. Tables and figures (each including a title and legend)


An abstract is required for all articles. The abstract should be unstructured, concise and precise and should convey the essential findings of the manuscript. The abstract may not exceed 250 words. It should state the rationale, objectives, findings, and conclusions of the manuscript. References, primary data, and statistical significance should not be presented in the abstract. Any non-standard abbreviations must be defined.

The article should contain no more than 25 references. The reference section should be single spaced with justified margins. 

 Review Articles

Review articles are comprehensive, critical reviews of research topics and/or methodological approaches that are highly relevant to investigators in the field of diabetes research. The review should be interpretative rather than a summary that describes various approaches that are available as well as their relative merits, limitations and specific applications.

Case Reports

Case reports should present new, interesting and rare cases. They should be distinctive, describing an abundant diagnostic or therapeutic challenge and providing a learning point for the readers. Cases with clinical significance or implications will be given priority. Case Reports should have the following headings: Title page, Abstract (unstructured), Keywords, Introduction, Case report, Discussion, Conclusions, Reference, Tables and Legends (in that order).

It should be supported with up to 10 references. Case Reports must be authored by up to four authors.


Tables should be double-spaced on separate pages and included at the end of the text document, with table number and title. Tables should be created using Word and the "Insert Table" command; please do not use tabs and/or spaces to create tables, columns, or rows. Tables with internal divisions (Tables 1A and B) should be submitted as individual tables, i.e., Table 1 and Table 2. Symbols for units should be confined to column headings. Abbreviations should be kept to a minimum and defined in the table legend. Please avoid the shading or coloring the tables.

If a table includes data that require explanation in the legend, apply the following symbol sequence, from top to bottom, left to right: *, †, ‡, §, ¶, #, **, ††, ‡‡, etc.

If tables are taken from other sources, it should be noted in the legend, and the author must be able to provide written permission for reproduction obtained from the original publisher and author.


The following sections provide information on how to format your figures to ensure the best possible reproduction of your images.

Size - Figures should be produced at the size they are to appear in the printed journal. Please make sure your figures will fit in one or two columns in width. Multi-paneled figures should be assembled in a layout that leaves the least amount of blank space.

Font - At 100% size, fonts should be 8-10 points and used consistently throughout all figures.

Text - Information should be concise, using abbreviations where possible, and the label on the y-axis should be read vertically, not horizontally. Key information should be placed in any available white space within the figure; if space is not available, the information should be placed in the legend. In general, figures with multiple parts should be marked A, B, C, etc., with a description of each panel included in the legend rather than on the figure.

Line and bar graphs - Lines in graphs should be bold enough to be easily read after reduction, as should all symbols used in the figure. Bars should be black or white only, unless more than two datasets are being presented; additional bars should be drawn with clear bold hatch marks or stripes, not shades of gray.

Line or bar graphs or flow charts with text should be created in black and white, not shades of gray, which are difficult to reproduce in even tones.

Reproductions -  If materials (e.g., figures and/or tables) are taken from other sources, it should be noted in the legend, and the author must be able to provide written permission for reproduction obtained from the original publisher and author.

Figure legends. Figure legends should be clearly numbered and included at the very end of your document and should not be included on the separate figure/image files.

 Use of Abbreviations

Abbreviations should be used only when necessary, e.g., for long chemical names (HEPES), procedures (ELISA), or terms used throughout the article. Abbreviate units of measure only when used with numbers. Abbreviations may be used in tables and figures.


Clinical laboratory values should be in International System of Units (SI) form. Kilocalories should be used rather than kilojoules. HbA1c values should be reported as “%(mmol/mol).”


References should be listed according to the Vancouver Style. They should be numbered in the order that they are cited in the text. All authors must be listed and inclusive page numbers provided. Journal titles should be abbreviated as in the National Library of Medicine's List of Journals Indexed for Medline; for unlisted journals, complete journal titles should be provided. References should be single spaced with justified margin.


  1. Guilbert TW, Morgan WJ, Zeiger RS, Mauger DT, Boehmer SJ, Szefler SJ, et al. Long-term inhaled corticosteroids in preschool children at high risk for asthma. N Engl J Med. 2006; 354:1985-97.
  2. Thomas MC. Diuretics, ACE inhibitors and NSAIDs – the triple whammy. Med J Aust. 2000; 172:184–185

 You may download the author guidelines from HERE Author Guidelines

Failure to follow these instructions may result in publication delays if your manuscript is accepted.


Screening for Plagiarism Policy

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BJOA has a policy of screening for plagiarism. We use Anti-Plagiarism Software "iThenticate" to check the authenticity article

Copyright and License

  • Copyright on any open access article in a journal published by DiscoverSys is retained by the author(s).
  • Authors grant DiscoverSys a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.
  • Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified.
  • The Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 formalizes these and other terms and conditions of publishing articles.


Disclosure of Interests

Bali Journal of Anaesthesiology requires disclosure of any available interests by all authors so that the editors and readers of the journal may determine whether any conflict of interest exists. A conflict of interest does not prevent any authors from contributing to this journal. However, it is essential for us that this is clearly and openly stated in the manuscript.  This form must be completed with details for all authors.

Authors’ Names         :                                              


Manuscript Title        :                      


If no competing interest exists, then please type “No interest declared” in the provided box. Should any potential competing interest does exist, then enter details, including the value of any financial involvement and any aspect that may represent a conflict of interest in your contribution to the journal.

  1. Commercial organisations: within the past 5 years, have you or a member of your household* had any involvement with commercial organisations whose business or financial interests may be affected by the publication of your manuscript? This includes the receipt of funding from commercial companies, the conduct of contracted research, and industry-supplied funding for lectures, travel and department support.



  1. Consultancy / board activity: within the past 5 years, have you or a member of your household* advised or acted as a consultant for any organisations whose activities affected by the publication of your contribution? This includes membership of editorial boards of journals publishing in anaesthesia, critical care and pain medicine, consulting for equipment or pharmaceutical manufacturers, or membership of national/international committees relating to the subject matter of the manuscript.



  1. Personal financial gain: do you or a member of your household* have any personal financial interests (e.g. ownership of stocks/shares) that may be affected by publication of your contribution? Do you or a member of your household* have any patents (received or pending) whose success or commercial viability may be affected by the publication of your contribution?



By filling YES in the field below, I confirm that:
1. I provide this information to the Bali Journal of Anaesthesiology with my full consent
2. I attest that the information I have provided in this form is correct.
3. That all authors have seen this completed form and approve of its contents.





Typed Name                     Signature                                     Date


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Tel. no.                           ---------------------------

Fax no.                           ---------------------------

E-mail address:              ---------------------------


*For the purposes of the declaration of interests, we define “your household” as your dependants, your spouse/partner and any close relatives.

You may download the Conflict of Interest from HERE Author Guidelines